Sacramento, CA. – In honor of World Mosquito Day, observed annually on Aug. 20, the American Mosquito Control Association (AMCA) is working to increase awareness of the importance of environmentally responsible mosquito control and encourages the public to visit the AMCA website, www.mosquito.org, for important mosquito information.
World Mosquito Day originated in 1897 to commemorate the research work of Dr. Ronald Ross of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. After dissecting mosquitoes known to have fed on a patient with malaria, Ross discovered the malaria parasite in the stomach wall of the mosquito. Through further research using birds, Ross was able to ascertain the entire lifecycle of the malarial parasite, including its presence in the mosquito's salivary glands. Ross confirmed that avian malaria is transmitted from infected birds to healthy ones by the bite of a mosquito, a finding that suggested the disease’s mode of transmission within humans. For his findings, Ross is credited with the discovery of the transmission of malaria by the mosquito, and was honored with a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1902.